The former ICC prosecutor presented a case against President Al
Bashir of Sudan charging him for1. Five counts of crimes against humanity, namely, murder,
extermination, forcible transfer, torture and rape contrary to Article
7 of the Rome Treaty;
2. Two counts of war crimes were preferred against him, namely
intentionally directing attacks against civilian population as such or
against individual civilians not taking part in hostilities and
pillaging contrary to Article 8 of the Rome Treaty;
3. Three counts of genocide were preferred against him namely,
genocide by killing; genocide by causing serious bodily or mental
harm; genocide by deliberately inflicting on target group conditions
of life calculated to bring about groups physical destruction contrary
to Article 6 of the Rome Treaty.
Since then arrest warrant has been issued. President Bashir has been
travelling to safe destinations. It is the first time that he has been
subjected to some form of proceedings which makes him to be treated
like a suspect instead of a president. Lessons should be drawn from
this that Presidents are only powerful if they are just or if they are
protected by loyal armies and security forces. They are as vulnerable
as any other citizen if they are unprotected by a state apparatus.
Impunity always catches up with the perpetrator. The secure leader is
one who cannot be found guilty of impunity.